|Title:||Guidelines for the Development of a Transnational Referral Mechanism for Trafficked Persons in Europe: TRM-EU|
|Categories:||7. Obchod s lidmi|
|Publisher:||Department for Equal Opportunities – Presidency of the Council of Ministers, Italy International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), 2010|
|Number of pages:||153|
Considering the intrinsic transnational nature of trafficking, the partners of the project “Development of a Transnational Referral Mechanism for Victims of Trafficking between Countries of Origin and Destination – TRM-EU” decided to develop a comprehensive set of guidelines for the implementation of a transnational referral mechanism to ensure thorough assistance to trafficked persons during the phases of identification; first assistance and protection; long-term assistance and social inclusion; return and social inclusion; criminal and civil proceedings. The TRM-EU Guidelines are meant to provide practical measures and recommendations in order to carry out transnational referrals. They take into consideration all necessary steps for the local and national referral mechanisms. This should not be seen as a contradiction; on the contrary, the TRMEU Guidelines are an instrument that complements the NRMs. As a matter of fact, a transnational referral mechanism can be effective when it is built on standard operating procedures that are a result of efficient national and local referral mechanisms, which are in turn based on common standardized operations. The TRM-EU Guidelines shall, therefore, be considered as a user-friendly tool to shape and put into practice wide-ranging local, national, and transnational referral mechanisms. Such mechanisms may differ due to dissimilar national regulations and practices in place. However, in order to be successful, they need to be institutionalized and based on co-operative frameworks that include all concerned state and non-state actors, and these need to be specifically trained and regularly updated to provide qualified assistance to trafficked persons. The implementation of a multiagency and multidisciplinary approach as well as the adoption of a certain 12 level of flexibility are key components of any local, national, and transnational referral mechanism to respond to the specific circumstances and meet the needs of the individuals assisted. The TRM-EU Guidelines are largely based on the TRM-SEE Guidelines developed within the “Programme to Support the Development of Transnational Referral Mechanisms (TRM) for Trafficked Persons in South-Eastern Europe” implemented by ICMPD and funded by USAID (2006-2009). These Guidelines have been revised and extended to meet the needs of the countries participating in the TRM-EU project: Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, in addition to Albania, Bulgaria, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Romania (already involved in the TRM-SEE programme). For instance, practical tools and indicators to be used in standard operating procedures (e.g. initial screening, formal identification, risk assessment, etc.) have been included to respond to the requests expressed by many participants. As a matter of fact, regardless of the notable antitrafficking systems built in many countries, many actors call for operational instruments to be used in their everyday work with potentially trafficked persons. The main findings of the “Study on Post-Trafficking Experiences in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy and Portugal”, also developed within the TRM-EU project, have been taken into account to develop tools for comprehensive and appropriate assistance and support for trafficked persons within and across countries to ensure effective and harmonized co-operation.
Knihovna: Guidelines for the Development of a Transnational Referral Mechanism for Trafficked Persons in Europe: TRM-EU